Kosovo and Metohija was the heart of medieval Serbia, which was in the fourteenth century, during the Byzantine Empire, stretching from the Danube to the Gulf of Corinth, from Thrace to the Adriatic coast.
Beginning with Stefan Nemanja, the founder of dynasty, Serbia starts developing from twelfth to the fourteenth century, when Orthodox Christian Church developed its authority and prosperity with the development of Serbian state.
The history of the people on the territory of Serbia has always been tumultuous. The Neolithic archaeological sites are known as carriers of “Starčevo culture” and “Vinča culture”. Continuity is not interrupted, the Celts, the Thracians, Illyrians, Greeks, Romans …
Strengthening of Nemanjić country is followed by blooming of the culture. By writing of rulers’ biographies an original Serbian literature is born. Some of the preserved temples, royal endowments painted in frescoes and decorated with icons are testimony to the high level of architecture and painting in medieval Serbia.
Thanks to the cultural and artistic monuments that have resisted the attacks of the Turks in the Middle Ages there is still large number of monasteries and churches today in the north of Kosovo and Metohija which still defy time and proudly soar over the desecration of the Albanians in recent history.
In addition, in recent years, a commitment to monastic life has strengthened the spiritual enlightenment of the Serbs.